Would you like to know about the philippines volcano? Then, for your information, a total 300 volcanoes are there in the Philippines among which twenty-two are still active. However, the rest of the volcanoes are believed to be in a dormant state now.
Many tourists, who want to roam across the Philippines, would also like to know about its volcanoes. The island Luzon (one of the major islands in the Philippines) is home to most of the active volcanoes of the country.
Among twenty-two active volcanoes, the most active ones include Taal, Mayon, Pinatubo, Kanlaon, Hibok-Hibok, and Bulusan. Nonetheless, the most recent eruption took place in the Taal volcano in 2020. Note that the Taal volcano is nestled in the Batangas province.
The Reason behind the Philippines for having so many Volcanoes
The key reason for having so many volcanoes is the peculiar tectonic setting of the Philippines. It makes an ideal atmosphere for earthquakes as well as volcanism. Moreover, the location of the Philippines has the Eurasian plate as well as the Philippine Sea Plate as its boundary.
The Philippines experiences mudflows very frequently due to heavy rains many times. Besides, the Philippines sees more Tsunamis and eruptions than any other volcanic locations in the world.
Did you know the Philippines’ volcanoes are the most dangerous and fatal on the globe? Around 13% of the total eruptions in the Philippines have already resulted in casualties. And Taal and Mayon volcanoes are the most responsible ones in this regard.
The journey of PHILVOLCS (the acronym for Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) has marked its contributions by dramatically alleviating the damages and adverse effects of the eruptions in the Philippines.
What are the Direct and Indirect Effects of Volcanic Eruptions?
The direct impacts of the volcanic eruptions in the Philippines include lava flow, volcanic gas, PDCs (Pyroclastic density currents), ashfall, lateral burst, and ballistic projectiles. On the other hand, the indirect impacts in this regard include mudflows, volcanic tsunami, landslide, ground malformation, secondary explosion, ashfall, flooding, etc.
Six Most Active Volcanoes
You already know some of the volcanoes in the Philippines are active while the rest are in the dormant state. Moreover, you are already familiar with the names of the six most active volcanoes in the Philippines. It is time to know about them in a brief:
When it comes to the most popular one in the list of active volcanoes, Mayon deserves the rank. Moreover, Mayon is an ideal example of a stratovolcano that is located at an elevation of 2462 meters from Luzon Island. The most notable fact of the Mayon volcano is that it shows eruptions too often. That is why it is listed as one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines.
Moreover, the Mayon volcano exhibits too sharp upper slopes with an average angle of 35 to 40 degrees. The volcano has a tiny summit crater on its top. Eruptions in Mayon have their records even in the 1600’s, which caused several impacts of volcanic eruptions.
The central conduit of Mayon causes too many eruptions that result in lava flows that travel across a wide distance. The destructive nature of Mayon can be proved by the fact that it has erupted a whopping 47 times since 1616. Moreover, mudflows and pyroclastic flows emit from the apex and hugely impact the lives of people in lowland regions.
Taal is recorded to have erupted 30+ times since the 16th century. Do you keep updated yourself about the current affairs of the Philippines? Then, you might know about the dangerous and catastrophic condition of the famous Taal Volcano. However, the curiosity and attraction for this active volcano have not yet diminished.
If you want to witness a remarkable wonder of nature, you should not miss viewing the Taal Volcano. The grandeur of Taal allures loads of tourists from all around the world. Even if you start knowing about the top and most traveled attractions of the Philippines, you would get the name of Taal.
So, are you getting curious about witnessing this nature’s wonder? Then, you have to reach one of the famous gateways of tourists, “Tagaytay.” In short, the Tagaytay city offers astonishing views of the Taal Volcano that you would cherish lifelong.
For your information, Taal is a dangerous combination of magnificent beauty and devastating nature. The tiny orifice of Taal can devastate thousands of lives for being one of the deadliest volcanoes in the world. Moreover, the second rank of the most active volcano in the Philippines goes to Taal.
Before you take steps to witness the Taal Volcano, you should know the interesting facts about it to make your experience more wholesome. Moreover, Taal Volcano features typically large 4 maars. They are shallow craters packed with a lake caused by a volcanic eruption. When it comes to a complex volcano system, Taal Volcano comes under that category (according to PHIVOLCS).
There is a volcano island that is nestled on the heart of Taal Lake, where a number of volcanic eruptions took place earlier. Although Taal is classified as one of the smallest volcanoes in the globe, it is one of the deadliest ones as well. Hence, you can confer it with a tagline of “big surprise in a small packet.”
The Kanlaon volcano has erupted since 1819 for 30 times. When it comes to stratovolcano in the Philippines, the name “Kanlaon” comes up. It is located in the heart of the famous Negros Island. The Kanlaon Volcano exhibits two summit cones and a crater with each of them. This volcano has already erupted 19 times from the period 1866 to 1993. Although those volcanic eruptions were not massive in size, all of those were explosive.
Which one is the most active volcano in the central part of the Philippines? The answer is Kanlaon Volcano. It has created the most elevated point in the Negros Island with a height of 2435 meters. The craters and pyroclastic cones present on the Kanlaon Volcano are lake-filled.
Moreover, Mt. Kanlaon has divided the Negros Island. Moreover, it is the most elevated peak in the entire central Visayas. Therefore, mountain hikers and climbers prefer this mountain to appease their adventurous souls. Since Mt. Kanlaon is an active volcano, it attracts lots of adventure seekers.
Trekking is indeed one of the most sought-after activities for adventure connoisseurs. Moreover, exploring the art gallery there also creates an experience of its kind. Are you longing for more adventure-filled activities? Then, exploring river trail activities or ziplines can fulfill your goals.
As per the record, Bulusan has erupted from 1885 for 15 times. Mount Bulusan is another stratovolcano in the Philippines with multiple summit craters. This cone-shaped volcano exhibits 15 km of a base diameter. The Sorsogon province of the Philippines is the location of Mount Bulusan. Moreover, Bulusan Volcano and Mayon Volcano (Bicol) have only a 70 km distance between each other.
Mount Bulusan is believed to have erupted 16 times, as per the record, and the first time it erupted in 1852. Then, it kept on erupting several times later with the last eruption was marked in 2011. Besides, Mount Bulusan also keeps showing eruptions all of a sudden. In short, Mount Bulusan is considered among the most active volcanoes in the PH. Moreover, it is located in the most southern point in Luzon.
Hibok-Hibok Volcano marked its last eruption in 1951 that devastated the lives of 600 people. The eruption led to a dramatic alteration in the interior of Mindanao Island. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology & Seismology keeps track of the activities of the Hibok-Hibok Volcano. If you are interested enough, you can hire a motorcycle to explore the remnants of former eruptions.
When it is dry weather, adventurous souls can opt for climbing the Hibok-Hibok Volcano. Nonetheless, it needs them to climb three to four hours of rocky, sharp formations. The same time would be needed for descending as well. Besides, the climbers must be physically fit and healthy to cover the journey successfully.
When one reaches the peak of Mount Hibok-Hibok, he/she captures the bird’s eye views of Negros, Cebu, and Bohol if it is a sunny day.
The Pinatubo volcano used to be dormant for a long 600 years, and then, it erupted in the year 1991 for four times. Pinatubo Volcano erupted massively in 1991, and it was recorded as the second most gigantic volcanic explosion in the entire 20th century. This volcano is nestled 100 km northwest of the capital city of the Philippines (the City of Manila) in Luzon Island. Before got exploded, the Pinatubo Volcano remained dormant for a long time, and so very few people knew about it.
Moreover, before the eruption took place, the elevation of Pinatubo was 1745 meters, but it is now only 200 meters elevated from the adjacent peaks. These peaks are nothing but the residues of former volcanic structures of Mount Pinatubo. Moreover, these remnants hide the views of Mount Pinatubo from distance.
A geothermal development project was initiated in Mount Pinatubo, but it was not successful. But, Pinatubo got recognition after this failure.
The popularity of the Philippines all around the world is much due to its volcanoes. A large number of adventurous souls rush to the Philippines to get a sight of the popular volcanoes. Although many of the volcanoes are deadly and devastating in nature, their attraction is timeless.